Web Extras
American Lutherie #105 - Spring 2011

Page 16 - Meet the Maker: James Condino

by Roger Alan Skipper

Page 24 - Finding Your Voice

from his 2008 GAL Convention workshop by Dana Bourgeois

Page 32 - Meet the Maker: Ron Sharp

by David Miracle

Page 42 - Modern Meets Traditional in the Olympic Uke

by Thomas Johnson and Ray Cowell

Page 46 - Magnetic Pickups and the Electric Violin

by John W. Silzel

The following mp3 format audio files are provided for readers interested in hearing the effects and waveforms described in the above article.

Extended Bibliography

General Reading:

Cremer, Lothar, The Physics of the Violin, translated by John Allen, MIT Press, Cambridge/London, 1984. ISBN 0-262-03102-7.

Fletcher, Neville H. and Rossing, Thomas D. The Physics of Musical Instruments, Springer-Verlag 1991, ISBN- 0-387-94151-7.

McIntyre, M.E. and Woodhouse, J. The Acoustics of Stringed Musical Instruments, Interdisciplinary Science Reviews, vol. 3, no. 2, pp 157-173, 1978.

Of Historic Interest:

Helmholtz, H.L.F. “Analysis of the Motion of Violin Strings.”, Appendix VI in On the Sensations of Tone as a Physiological Basis for the Theory of Music (Translated by Alexander J. Ellis), 4th Ed, Longmans Green & Co. 1912. (Downloadable free in pdf form from books.google.com).

Raman, C.V. “The Dynamical Motion of Bowed Strings”, Bulletin, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, 1914. (Downloadable free in pdf form from the Raman Research Institute Digital Repository at dspace.rri.res.in)

Earliest Electric Instrument Patents:
(Each of these is available free at uspto.gov by searching the patent image database by patent number)

Pfeil, V.A. “Musical Instrument”, US Patent No. 1,861,717, June 1932.

Beauchamp, G.D., “Electrical Stringed Musical Instrument”, US Patent 2,089,171, August 1937.

Beauchamp, G.D., “Stringed Musical Instrument”, US Patent 2,130,174, September 1938.

Selected Electromagnetic Studies of String Motion:

Bladier, B., “Contribution A L'Etude Des Cordes Du Violoncelle”, Acustica, vol. 11, no. 6, pp 373-384, 1961. (In French).

Schelleng, John “The Bowed String and the Player”, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol. 53, no.1, pp. 26-41, 1973.

Selected Papers on the Physics of Bowed String Motion:

McIntyre, M.E., Schumacher, R.T., and Woodhouse, J. “Aperiodicity in Bowed String Motion”, Acustica, vol. 49, no. 1, 1984.

Woodhouse, J. and Galluzzo, P.M. “The Bowed String as We Know It Today”, Acta Acustica United with Acustica, vol. 90, pp. 579-589, 2004.

M.E. McIntyre and J. Woodhouse, “On the Fundamentals of Bowed-String Dynamics”, Acustica, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 93-108, 1979.

Physics of Rosin
Johnson, K.L. and J. Woodhouse, “Stick-Slip Motion in the Atomic Force Microscope”, Tribology Letters, vol. 5, pp. 155-160, 1998.